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14. what are the ten commandments?

The 10 Commandments are a universal moral law that God Himself wrote on two tables and provided to Moses on Mount Sinai. In the Bible, the 10 commandments are found in two books: Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5.


These are for the 10 commandments given by God to Moses:

  1. You shall have no other gods before me

  2. You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5 You shall not bow down to them or serve them.

  3. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.

  4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

  5. Honor your father and your mother.

  6. You shall not murder.

  7. You shall not commit adultery.

  8. You shall not steal.

  9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

  10. You shall not covet.

Along with these commandments, also called moral law, a further commandment that God spoke to Moses (Deuteronomy 6:5) must be added. Later, this commandment was appointed by Jesus as the first and greatest commandment (Mark 12:39-30 and Matthew 22:34-40):


Matthew 22:34-40

34 But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together. 35 And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him. 36 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” 37 And he said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. 38 This is the great and first commandment. 39 And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 40 On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”


To this great commandment, Jesus added a second and similar one (also found in Leviticus 19:18):


Matthew 22:39 (also Mark 12:31)

39 And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.


Jesus said that on these commandments depend all the law and the prophets (Matthew 22:40). This statement of Jesus is totally accurate as the great commandment simply corroborates the 10 commandments. He who loves God with all his heart, soul and mind does not violate any of the Ten Commandments.


If we are not under law, are we still governed by the 10 commandments?


When the Bible says that we are not under the law (Romans 6:14), it does not mean that the moral law of God is void and we are no longer governed by it. The meaning of not being under the law, is that we do not have to do a series of rituals to be saved. This was the concept believed by the Jews. However, Salvation is not achieved by works but by faith (Romans 3:28). The moral law of God does not change because it represents the essence of God and His holiness, justice and kindness:


Romans 7:12

12 So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.


The 10 Commandments help us see the way that God wants us to live. Thus the attitude that as Christians we must adopt. It is a list that helps us to examine ourselves and see how and where we are spiritually.




It would be important to keep in mind and preserve the moral law of God in hour hearts, so that we can remember it and meditate on it every day (Psalm 119:97, Joshua 1:8). If all Christians submitted to this same universal law that God provided to us, we would be a great testimony to all others.


Let's reflect on it, pray and ask the Holy Spirit to help us to follow the will of God.


Note: This is a brief explanation of the topic in matter. If you need the explanation of a verse or have any other questions, please contact us and we will explain it gladly.

This is a brief explanation of the topic in matter. To learn more about the Bible, or if you want more details of its truth please contact us and we will gladly explain everything. 



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